Indonesia – Korean Youth Friendship Forum (IKYFF) 2021 was held on Saturday, 20th November 2021. IKYFF is a forum that organized by Indonesia Youth Foundation in collaboration with Peace and Public Diplomacy Corps which aims to discuss the issue of climate change which is closely related to the crisis of democracy in two countries, South Korea and Indonesia. Climate change is an issue that has been debated upon for a long time before today. With the rise of the Covid-19 pandemic, many have argued that buzz sorrounding this issue has slowed down while the threat has proven to be more concerning than ever. Indonesia and South Korea are, of course, not an exception to this trendTherefore, this forum puts forward discussions from Indonesian and South Korean youth by developing a main theme “Democracy and Climate Change for The Future”.
The first speaker is Francis Dehoon Lee, he has been visiting professor for peace studies, at Ritsumeikan University, and International University of Japan. Currently, he serves on the advisory committe of the Ministries and Agencies of reunification, education, human rights, overseas development cooperation, gender, and family affairs of the ROK government. In this session, Francis delivering material about “Democracy and Cooperaion in the Era of Climate Change”. Francis explained that climate crisis is an outcome or lack or readiness, and prevention in all known institution. As existing inequality and bipolarization that we need to foresee, because there is no more quick and deceptive solutions and the genuine solutions are deep political, economical, and philosophical changes. Also, the worst is the earth and eco–life system cannot hold any longer the current human system and we need capacity to prevent and solve new, sudden problem. The solutions is democracy, because that is fundamentally new way of sharing information, recognizing the importance of interdepedence of all things, deliberating always for new ways, and focusing on inequality and injustice. Democracy also the power to people, equality among people more than equality among all lives, deliberation, conflict transformation without violence and without exclusion, inclusive to all minorities, a pronciple without exclusion. That’s mean that life beyond crisis compared to living together is the power of democracy from below.
The second speaker is Ranitya Nurlita, she has been volunteering in enviromental and youth development activities since 2011 in order to pursue her dream of becoming an entrepreneur in enviromentalism. As a diver, has a huge interest in Sustainability Development issues especially in waste Management, Climate Change, Social Entrepreneurship, Project and Event Management, also Youth Leadership. She actively speaks on enviromental issues, and volunteers in various green and social activities. On this occasion, Ranitya Nurlita delivering material “Indonesia Response to the Climate Crisis”. The first thing she conveyed are about National Asean environment strategies vary in their focus on green growth and summary of National waste management regulations in indonesia. It explained that from regulations, institutions, financing, community participation can produce a national waste management programmes. She conveyed that Indonesia’s green economy efforts deserve scrutiny, but also support because Indonesia was one of more than 40 countries that pledge to transition away from “unabated coal power generations in the next few decades, while Indonesia deserves support in these efforts and also deserves considerable scrutiny. Indonesia has the support of local government policies, as well as millennial enviromental and forestry management policies such as policies, approaches, measuring tools, output, and outcome that produce millennial generation issues:
- Recycle paper, plastic, and glass waste
- Climate change
- Damage to Natural Resources
- Food Crisis
- Availability of water
- Lifestyle (food consumption)
Ranitya Nurlita has innovated to overcome these probbles by:
- ASEAN reusable Bag Campaign, started from 2015 in Indonesia, Malaysia (Kuching and Kuala Lumpur), and Philippines (Davao). Ranitya noted the inspiration came from contexts like the United States, where recyclable bags are available and where consumers often have to pay for new plastic bags. ASEAN RBC aims to raise awareness about environmental protection, to reduce the use of plastic bags, and to promote the use of reusable bags as part of a green lifestyle.
- Sahabat Alam Board, is the board game that an educational board game to raise awareness about eniromental lifestyles and conscious living.
- Fixing the Bridge with intergrated waste management platform, a circular innovation that aims to elevate and establish the effective and responsible local waste collection area for transition to circular ecconomy and technology approach.
As a society we can contribute zero waste:
- Reduce the use of medical mask and start using a cloth mask.
- Bring your own totebag instead of buy plastics.
- Get your recycle items.
- Try to waste segregation.
- Make a compost and do reforetstation.
- Buy and support local products.
- Try to less water and less electricity.
- Try to start urban farming.
Then, there are three speakers from Indonesia, the 1st Indonesian Speaker is talked about Climate Change and Democracy Crisis. Indonesia lost 17% of tree cover since 2000, there needs to br an effort in monitoring, warning and responding, as well as integrating climate change issues. It has an impact of climate change, there are implementation of climate programs is hard to be implemented by developing countries due to the cost endeavor, the infections and diseas will be directly affected by climate change, the last is democracy crisis. The government has spent a lot of maney to be allocated to climate change spending, but this is prone to be used as corruption. Corruption in climate finance negatively impacts climate change intervention, undermining mitigation efforts to reduce emission and decreasing the quality of adaption infrastructure – in both cases, donors and other funders suffer the loss or missue of funds. It also discourages the spirit of skilled and hoset citizen. There are international organizations cooperation such as UNFCCC, IMF, WHO, and also there is state cooperation. So, the conclusion is in dealing with climate change, one instrument is not enough, there must be an effective international cooperation and state behavior. The transparency and contribution in international cooperation is needed as a greatest solution in providing the answer to the issue.
The 2nd Indonesian Speaker is Amirah Syahirah, she is delivering material “Tech-based Socialization to Tackle Climate Crisis and Democracy Crisis”. She explained that one of the efforts that Indonesia can do to immediately tackle the climate crisis and the crisis of democracy is to cooperate with other countries through bilateral relations. One of the countries that have bilateral relations with Indonesia is South Korea. However, the role of the community, especially the youth, is needed to accelerate the handling of these two crises. One of the things that canbe done, especially during the current Covid-19 pandemic, is to use technology, especially social media. Such as join the online campaigns on instagram, teenagers in indonesia are taking part in online campaigns that voice social issues, especially through their intsgram account. How to do Tech-Based Socialization to tackle climate crisis and democracy crisis:
- Provide a special platform to do it
- Attract youth and community by providing interesting content such as educationm not just campaign
- Campaign can be via instastory, tiktok, or feeds (adjusting trends)
- Give awards
- Collaborate with schools and other organization
The 3rd Indonesian Speaker is Yudi Iswara Sinatriya Adhyaksa, and he discussed the topic about “Viral Diplomacy and Youth Agency on Progressive Advocacy: Strategies to Promote Collective Understanding on Climate Change and Democracy Issues”. Global warming is a gradual increase in the earth’s temperature generally due to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFC’s, and other pollutants. Global warming is very poweful because carbondioxide emission has recorded a rising trend, which peaked at 36,7 billion metric tons. Ecological footprint will gradually initiate climate change. With current trend, earth is only habitable for another thirty years. Contemporary challnges on climate change and democracy crisis:
- Democratic governance is necessary to ensure a suistinable, people-oriented enviromental preservation plan.
- Top-down approaches only creat positive impacts when supportiveky complemented by constituents, or the civil society.
- Challanges: lack of awareness from its marginal focus in public domains of civil society.
- Forming collective understanding on grassroot level is essential to increase awareness.
How to promote collective understanding on climate change and democracy issues:
- Youth Agency as Driving Power, youth is powerful and crucial force in trailblazing enviromental advocacy.
- Cooperation between countries such as South Korea and Indonesia, both are emerging political economic powers whose policies signifantly influence regional and global dynamics, also both have significant amount of digital natives in its population. Aletrnatives implemented in South Korea could be similarly adopted in Indonesia.
- Influencing Grassroot Constituents through Organized Broadcasts
After three speakers from Indonesia, there are also three speakers from Korea. The 1st Korean Speaker is Da-On PARK, a student, Political Science and Diplomacy, Jeonbuk National University. She delivered a material about “Peace Building and Interational Cooperation through esponse to Climate Change of the Korean Penisula”. Green Détente is a set of security and unification policies in the Korean peninsula that will ease the tension between the North and South through establishing an environmental organization in which all the stakeholder states in the Northeast Asia collaborate to tackle the climate change and nature: disasters and develop environmentally sustainable industry. The impact of climate change pn the Korean Peninsula are forest denudation, drought, and flood. Also, there are the military tension sorrounding the Korean Peninsula like US-China power struggle, Northeast Asian Security, North Korea muclear crisis.The specific action plan that we can do are:
- Agriculture cooperation
- Enviromental cooperation
- Energy cooperationRailroad community
The 2nd Korean Speaker is Chansin Jo, he is delivered material about “Civil Society and Youth Engagement in Climate Action and Democracy”. The correlation between climate change and the Korean democtratic system are material values justify individual selfishness, nature is buried in market logic and destryeh, need new ideology to restore distorted citizenship, deliberate democracy improves the quality of ctizen articipation, voluntary resolution through citizen-led discussion and deliberations, approaching climate issues at a micro level. He explained why is democracy neccessary for actors who want to participate politically in climate change, such as ‘Youth for Climate Action’ are because political interest in the underprivileged youth class, the role of monitoring to promote consistent policies, and the realization of an active democracy.Reason why many young people participate in enviromental movements such as Zero waste shops:
- Generetion MZ are good at information and communication technology
- Generation MZ values interactive communcation
- Quick acceptance and sharing of trends
- Unstable job market
- Fear of the future environment to live in
- The young generation must fight the climate crisis at hand in hand
The role that civil society and youth can play to slow climate change:
- From a consumer to a virturous citizen
- Active sharing and practic in everyday life
- A healthy communication that pursues suistainbility
The 3rd Korean Speaker is Keon-ju Kim, she is delivered material about “Private-public cooperation for Korean Green New Deal”. Korea have policy about Green New Deal, the policy are korea the 7th emitter in the world and shift from a carbon-dependent economy to a low-carbon and environment-friendly economy. Korea also have New Deal Initiative such as (1) green transition of urban, space, and life infrastructure, (2) low carborn, and decetralized energy supply, (3) rstablishment of innovation eco system for green industry. Also, Limitation of the Green New Deal are leading by Government and Cooperations. The results is Carbon Neutral Transition Village:
- Innovation strategy of ‘CITIZEN-LED, REGIONALLY ORIENTED’ Green New Deal Policy
- Modeling Malmӧ, Sweden
- A practical mechanism for our society to implement carbon neutrality
The explanation above is the result of the presentation delivered by the IKYFF 2021 speakers, the Indonesia-Korea Youth Friendship Forum discussion went well and without any technical issues. We can get a lot from the results of this forum discussion, especially the ideas that have been submitted and implemented, as well as the need for support from many parties. Although this forum was held online, it did not reduce the value gained from Indonesia and South Korea. The essence of the running of the Indonesia-Korea Youth Friendship Forum 2021 is to be able to get views from two different sides related to overcoming the problem of climate change and crisis democracy, the youth are also one of the agents of world change whose voices and ideas need to be heard. The speaker was very impressed by this forum discussion and conducted a very insightful discussion for the audience, and then the event ended with the useful knowledge of both parties, Indonesia and South Korea.