LINGUISTICS CORNER: 4 LANGUAGE VARIATIONS YOU SHOULD KNOW!

As humans, we always use language to communicate with other people. Language helps people to convey what they want and need more easily. People unconsciously use linguistic terms when talking to others, which will be discussed further. Linguistics is the study of a language, divided into two major parts, which are macro-linguistics and micro-linguistics. In this article, we will further discuss 4 variations of language that you may always use in your daily life, namely:

1. SLANG

Who doesn’t know about this term? Most of the youth nowadays use this term to speak with their relatives. Holmes (in Nuraeni and Pahamzah, 2021: 314-315) states that slang is an informal or casual language used by a particular community and does not use in formal ways, both in speaking and writing, because it is rude, humorous, and shocking.  Then, Allan and Burridge (in Nuraeni and Pahamzah, 2021: 315 – 316) argued that slang has five different types that are: 1) Fresh and Creative; 2) Compounding; 3) Imitative; 4) Acronym; and, 5) Clipping.

According to Nuraeni and Pahamzah (2021), some examples of Slang they found in their research are UWU (Unhappy without You), BT (Bored), OTW (On the Way), Muna (Hypocrite), Bro (Best Friend), OK (Agreed), Cab Out (Run Away), Bucin (Crazy of Love).

https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/Krlu0WBy06Xpc2A5snhbjsvf6Oxj9Lj8aB0zzZglm3aL4fFk07-Zw6w1YHcbZwir3ZQVxjZNeOTR4tYxnZ5Y15w1TiYtZJ3TpMCPFYjx6Ay9njMXCIhvRX85KOt7BKiDqvQsIh20EvlSFIIB2Q

2. JARGON

The next term that most of you ever used unconsciously is Jargon. Jargon is a kind of language that is created and regularly used by people for a certain function. (Kartika et al, 2020). Jargon has some forms as well based on the statement of Richard et al (in Kartika et al, 2020: 65 – 66) that are words, phrases, abbreviations, and acronyms.

Then, Kartika et al (2020), found some Jargon in their research “An Analysis of Jargon Used on Facebook Found in Account Mark Zuckerberg” such as PC (Personal Computer), CEO (Chief Executive Director), Update, Covid-19, MacOS (Macintosh Operating System), Desktop, Live Stream, etc.

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/Ti_jTEjv9Q6BPwmH4nFeNbl0uaYVaGN19RlBChGTuovlLRf52llL3FOyzCHhh6UrgTwIvAUd9r8w30VBb2XBO8Q7A4EaXOm4P1fM9A9vCuqFTf8DnczemQsPLR1bL1cyh6gifNSFrI3GEJxcGQ

3. STYLE

The next term in Sociolinguistics that you perhaps used is Style. Trudgill (in Putri et al, 2021: 31) argued that language style aims to deliver the same information with different expressions and is related to different variations of language used in different situations and needs. Furthermore, language style is classified into five types that are Frozen Style, Formal Style, Consultative Style, Casual Style, and Intimate Style.

In addition, there are some examples of Language Style in research by Putri et al (2021)  “An Analysis of Language Styles Uttered by Main Character in “Teman Tapi Menikah” Movie”, that are:

  1. “I accept the marriage of Ayudia daughter of Firmansyah with the dowry mentioned above in cash” – (Frozen Style)
  2. “Good Morning, Miss.” – (Formal Style)
  3. “Dad, can I have a car? So it can be more efficient if I want to go anywhere” – (Consultative Style)
  4. “Usually when the girls say emmm, there must be a big mass” – (Casual Style)
  5. “Babe, where are you?” – (Intimate Style)
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/GHNthVzSr9cNYO08MwWHeMrGv9QIKPtSmAcTZkaihTz6VGVEAJoTqrzwDr4j9L8WPa4bUPGygpmnFDCX1ELALdNH70CdRtwhNh9bw8CdOHrZ9Arg1CJlO6tqa9P_w9oo7bwp5EyEgQcSMBtaUQ

4. REGISTER

The last term that you may not often hear before is register. Haryani and Putry (2021) define register as a language that is used by a specific group that has the same interest. Besides, a register is also often used in an occupation, such as a doctor, a nurse, and so on.

In their research “A Register Analysis of Photographers Commentaries on Social Media Community (Instagram)”, Haryani and Putry (2021) found some examples of register such as Angle, Wardrobe, Reflection, Exposure, Splashing, Close-up, Compo, HI, Nice freezing, and Nice Shoot.

Writer: Aulia Ramadhani Nur Hidayah

References:

  1. Nuraeni, F. W., Pahamzah, J. 2021. An Analysis of Slang Language Used in Teenager Interaction. LITERA, 20(2), 313 – 322. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v20i2.37058.
  2. Kartika, Y., Rohmah, A., Andriani, D. 2020. An Analysis of Jargon Used on Facebook Found in Account Mark Zuckerberg. Channing: English Language Education and Literature, 5(2), 63 – 70. https://doi.org/10.30599/channing.v5i2.832.
  3. Putri, R.J., Fitrisia, D., Syamaun, A. 2021. An Analysis of Language Styles Uttered by Main Character in “Teman Tapi Menikah” Movie. Research in English and Education (READ), 6(1), 30 – 41. E-ISSN: 2528-746X.
  4. Haryani. Putry, A. R. A. 2021. A Register Analysis of Photographers Commentaries on Social Media Community (Instagram). English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings. Vol. 4, 356 – 362. Electronic ISSN: 2579-7263, CD-ROM ISSN: 2579-7549.

Image Sources:

  1. https://pixabay.com/id/illustrations/pendidikan-alfabet-sekolah-huruf-3704026/
  2. https://kaboompics.com/photo/17117/colorful-alphabet-letters
  3. https://negativespace.co/word-background/

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