7 Beautiful Landscape To Visit In Indonesia
1. Taman Nasional Bunaken, Manado
Located in the north of Sulawesi Island, Bunaken National Park is known for its coral ecosystem consisting of mainly fringing reef and barrier reef corals.
The Park comprises 390 species of corals, seven times more than Hawaii, and an abundant species of fish, marine mammals, reptiles, birds, mollusks, and mangroves.
Such diversity of marine creatures makes Taman Nasional Bunaken Indonesia’s representative of the tropical water ecosystem.
The land is no less fascinating than water. Bunaken’s island is rich in tropical plants such as palm, mangrove forest, sago, coconut, and sweet potatoes.
In contrast, some animal species found on the land and beaches include Celebes crested macaque, Timor Deer, Sulawesi bear cuscus, gulls, and storks.
The Bunaken National Park was recognized in the World Heritage List in 2005 due to the ever-ranging diversity and natural diversity.
The National Park, located in the north-eastern extremity of Java, is bordered by the Madura Strait, Bali strait Bajulmati River and Klokoran River. The Park is shaped in a circle surrounding the extinct volcano, Baluran.
The Baluran National Park is known for its extensive vegetation species; 444 plant species live together in the Park, including some endangered plants such as Ziziphus rotundifolia, Tamarindus indica, and Dioscorea hispida.
Baluran is nicknamed Little Africa by journalist Indra Harsaputra for the 26 mammals species and 155 bird species hosted at the Park.
Mammals including the endangered banteng, Sumatran dhole, Indian muntjac, Java mouse-deer, and fishing cat. And Avifauna, including green peafowl, Malabar pied hornbill, and rhinoceros hornbill.
Aside from the wildlife, the Park holds several other tourist attractions worth the visit. These are Japanese Cave; a heritage from the Japanese colonization era, Manting dan Air Kacip; conservation of cheetah, and Bama Beach located only 3km from the savannah.
3. Danau Kelimutu, Nusa Tenggara Timur
The Kelimutu lakes, at the top of Mount Kelimutu, were initially formed due to a volcanic eruption. There are three lakes on the Kelimutu mountain; each has its color and a local name.
The locals believe that each has its respective meanings and powerful natural forces. The colors of the lakes are unpredictable as they often change randomly.
Sometimes the colors are blue-green-black, and other times they are white-red-blue. The locals believed that each color represents different meanings:
Blue (Itwo Nuwa Muri Koo Fa) – a gathering place for the souls of young people who have died.
Red (Tiwu Ata Polo) – a gathering place for the souls of people who’ve committed crimes and divination.
White (Tiwu Ata Mbupu) – a gathering place for the souls of people who died of old age.
Although the local community believes that Kelimutu mountain is sacred, it is available for tourists and the general public.
Also in the Kelimutu area are pine forests, casuarinas, redwoods, and edelweiss. Though not all, the site accessible by feet or cars is allowed to be explored for safety reasons.
4. Labuan Bajo, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Once a small fishing village, Labuan Bajo is now among the most well-desired tourist centers in Indonesia.
Known as a city of sunset, visitors can find plenty of vantage points to enjoy the clear blue sky with a spectacular view of the ocean.
Amongst the many destinations within Labuan Bajo is the Komodo Island, home to prehistoric animals Komodo dragons and listed as UNESCO’s World Heritage in 1991.
Another goal is the Mirror Cave, discovered in 1951 by a Dutch archaeologist. You can find stones with reflective character, thus becoming the name of this natural wonder.
The ideal holiday spot’s growth turns Labuan Bajo from a simple village into a romantic, idyllic destination for visitors; the perfect element for an unforgettable experience.
5. Borobudur, Jawa Tengah
Borobudur Temple is a tourist spot in Magelang, Central Java, with 123 x 123 square meters.
Borobudur Temple is estimated to have stood since the Syail Bendera Dynasty in the 9th century.
This temple has a historical legacy of Buddhists during the empirical era.
Borobudur Temple has become a tourist spot from these relics that is always visited by foreign tourists from abroad every day.
Borobudur Temple is said to be one of the relics of human masterpieces throughout history because this tourist spot is proof that architectural art has developed at that time.
6. Pulau Beras Basah, Kalimantan Timur
Beras Basah Island is amongst Indonesia’s hidden destinations on East Kalimantan, precisely in Bontang.
Beras Basah Island’s beauty lies on its white sand, suitable for those of you are on vacation with family, friends or partner. Beras Basah island’s journey takes about one hour using a tinting boat from Tanjung Laut Harbor, Bontang.
The sea has very clear seawater where seaweeds and marine life is visible from the surface. The most popular tourist activities are snorkeling and diving due to the colorful and wide-ranging corals.
7. Danau Labuan Cermin, Kalimantan Timur
Still in East Kalimantan; A destination that is no less beautiful than you must visit as your vacation list, Labuan Cermin Lake.
To get to Labuan Cermin Lake, visitors must rent a boat from the pier, costing around Rp. 200,000 –the price may be lower when rented as a group.
The beauty of this lake will stun any visitors. Not to mention that Lake Labuan Cermin has clear water, which creates an illusion of shallow water while, in reality, it reaches up to 4-5 meters down.
Before heading to Labuan Cermin, don’t forget to prepare your snorkeling equipment or another alternative is to rent the equipment from the available shop.
If you want to play in the water, Labuan Cermin offers various floaties available for rent.
If you plan to stay the night, many lodgings are available in the area, with prices ranging from one hundred thousand rupiahs to three hundred thousand rupiahs at night.